The graphic form of the letters

There are several different traditions among various Jewish ethnic groups regarding the graphic form of the letters which are written on the parchment.
For example, here are Ashkenazi (“Beit Yosef”), Nusach Sepharad (“Ari”), and Sepharadic and Oriental lettering.

 

Inserting the torah passages  <                                  >  Tefillin of Rashi and Rabbeinu Tam